Web Design Tools for Creating Websites Without the Coding Knowledge

In today’s world, websites have become a backbone of every business, without which they will lose out on their market shares. If your business does not have an official website, you will not be able to cope up with your competitors. It has in fact become a basic necessity for businesses of all sizes.

Coding of websites from the scratch can be a daunting task, and you will require many days to develop websites if you were to code it completely. There are many web design tools available that can help you develop websites rather quickly.

One of the most popular and common tool used for designing websites is an HTML editor. HTML is an instruction language used to structure and organize contents on webpage. Sometimes working with HTML can be quite confusing, particularly when you work with different markups or content and programming language.

In order to create your web pages, you could make use of an HTML editor. They allow for easily editing, you could design your websites fairly quickly. It is quite easy to embed images and flash objects with the help of HTML editors. The HTML editor is among the amazing web design tools that offer wide array of features.

Most of the web developers makes us of an HTML editor, since it can render marvelous results. If you are looking for HTML editor, then you can search the internet and you will find plenty of different editors with different price tags. All the HTML editors have slightly different features. The HTML editor is mostly included in the many high-end editing tools.

With the HTML editors, you can design the websites by using their ready features quite easily. You could simply paste the images and direct them to the source. In just a few minutes, you can have complete tables and web pages.

On the other hand, graphics of websites are also extremely important elements. Therefore, it becomes essential that web developers have the capability to work with different graphics. The professional graphic designers are usually quite creative, and they can handle even the complex graphics. Photoshop is probably among the most important web design tools that all web designers are familiar with.

The web design tools help designers to create functional and attractive buttons, text and logos while developing the graphics. The tool to resize images is also important for reducing the size of the web pages.

The Flash development is an area in which most of the web developers delegate to the experts. The flash designing tools will help you enhance the multimedia feature of your website. The flash tools will add more functionality beyond simple designing. They help you in converting video files into flash and make them smaller, so that they work efficiently on websites.

You can also make use of tools that can outline the processes required to make dynamic web forms. You can also create websites pop-ups and storefronts. Variety of additional tools can assists designers to add forum, photo galleries, blogs and many options.



Source by Mike R John

Web Development – The Standards of Coding

Web development has gone through a major facelift since the last few years. It has transitioned from the semi-straightforward approach like HTML pages topped up with a bit of Flash and JavaScript to the more developed application-based designs using Ajax, Flex and Adobe AIR. It is similar to the changes that the software developers have been dealing with for years. Yet a lot of web developers still follow the old school days and don’t take out the time or don’t have knowledge to incorporate these coding standards when developing their applications.

In this article, we will discuss exactly what this web development coding standards are, and why a web developer should start implementing these in their web development or application development projects. The points that we will be discussing in this article can be embraced for the development of any application.

What exactly are coding standards?

They are guidelines which have been set to help a developer with the process of web development consistently over time. Writing consistent codes not only help the developer who is writing it but also proves helpful for developers who might have to work on future web development projects on the same lines. The guidelines for coding envelop two basic arenas of the coding process.

The first one is all about how you actually write your code, which is often referred to as code conventions. Everything from how you name your variables to methods, classes, comments and packages to the organization of the file structure come under the definition of Code conventions. These conventions define how your code will visually appear to the next developer working on the same development process.

The second aspect involves adopting and implementing the code design patterns. A design pattern like the Model-View-Controller (MVC) acts as an abstracted guide for developers trying to solve commonly occurring problems in web-application development.

Having guidelines defined around this abstraction and how it is to be implemented in the code helps create an experience that is consistent in nature. Code conventions is the primary focus when a coding standard is being specified by an organization, team or for a specific project. Yet how the code design patterns are implemented holds as much importance to the overall standardization process as to how the code has been written.

Why use coding standards?

Now that the realm of the coding standards has been defined, it is time to know why a web developer should implement those coding standards into their web-application development projects. The best example of a standardized coding is when a web-application development team consists of more than one person, like in an open-source project.

It is nightmarish for an organization to imagine having to maintain a code base that has x number of developers, all of whom are busy writing codes with entirely different naming processes and file structures. Now imagine you are a new developer and have been asked to join in. How would you expect yourself to find things? What if you wanted to make changes or add a new class to the project? If there’s a bug in a code that has been developed by another coder and you need to fix things, how will you do it?

In a codebase that is free-for-all, you would often find something that is known as a spaghetti code. And it is called so because the code is extremely hard to follow, since the structure of the code keeps changing from method to method, line by line and class to class. This can become extremely hard to manage and debug.

And that’s where the need for following the coding standards arises from, may it be a web based development project or the development of some other application. Coding standards is something that a developer in today’s times cannot ignore and needs to abide by no matter what, that is if a web development company working on some application or web development project is to ensure a smooth and effective collaboration amongst its development team.



Source by Venus Kumar Vij

Programming, Coding and Web Development Laptop Specifications

If you need to get a new laptop for programming or coding purposes and are uncertain where to start, this short guide will help you find the perfect setup for your needs.

For web developers, there are really two main paths they need to go through. If you’re doing front-end web development, then you’ll need a basic machine that can run a text editor and a browser to check your progress. For back-end developers things get a bit more complicated. You will need a laptop that can handle multiple tasks simultaneously like running a browser, a local server and the code editor. These might not seem like a lot, but they do require a lot of system resources so make sure you pick a laptop that’s up to the task.

For game, 3D or mobile app development you’ll need a high performance laptop that can render everything in real-time. Think about getting a gaming laptop if you’ll be doing this type of work. Mobile app developers will often need to run a simulation of their app running in the mobile operating system, which can take a lot of system resources.

Let’s have a look at some of the specs recommended for each of these types of development work.

Processor

The processor is the heart of your computer and by the number of cores and threads it boasts, it determines how many processes you can run well in parallel.

For front-end development work, you should be able to get away with a laptop that uses either a Core i3 or Core i5 dual-core processor. Back-end and mobile app developers should aim at least for a Core i5 quad-core processor, Core i7 being the best choice.

RAM

RAM or system memory helps the CPU process everything smoothly. The more your laptop carries, the better. Front-end work implies about 4-8GB of system memory installed, since you’ll probably use a code-editor like Sublime Text and one or more browsers to check up on your work.

Mobile, game and back-end developers should opt for something with a bit more kick. The minimum amount of RAM should be in the 12-16GB range. This is to make sure that all your applications run smoothly together.

Hard Drive or SSD?

Every laptop needs to store and retrieve information. This is done by the storage device installed. Here you have two choices: either get a laptop with a regular HDD, that will typically cost a lot less, or get a laptop that comes with an SSD. An SSD is the newer type of storage option that doesn’t rely on spinning disks to store information and can be about 10-12 times faster than a regular hard disk drive.

For front-end development work, a regular HDD should be enough, but you can always look for hybrid drives which incorporate a bit of SSD technology into a regular HDD. These are a bit faster than regular hard drives and don’t cost quite as much when compared to SSDs.

For any type of programming that’s above front-end development, it’s recommended that you get a laptop that carries an SSD. This will speed up boot times and everything you run on your computer.

Operating system

This is yet another thing you will have to think about. While Windows is perhaps the most popular operating system today, it’s not quite the best choice when all development fields are concerned.

For web development you should try coding in a Linux-based OS, like Ubuntu. Mac OS also works with Windows being the last on this list. This is because you need to install different third-party software like XAMPP on Windows if you’re going to do back-end work. You will have to install some of these as well on Ubuntu, but the process is much more streamlined.

Screen

The laptop screen is another factor that’s important to take into account. With so many resolutions available today, it’s hard to pick a laptop that’s just right for programming.

Front-end developers will need a laptop that carries a screen with a higher than average resolution, since they’ll need to test if their websites are responsive on a lot of resolutions. For back-end developers, this is less important. But what’s true for both of these categories is the need for a secondary monitor. This can speed up development time quite a lot, since you don’t constantly need to switch between applications when coding and checking the output.

Battery Life

While most developers sit at their desk when coding with the computer plugged-in, should you feel the need to code on the go, then make sure you get a laptop that’s got a great battery life.

Macs are typically great at battery life, with their Air series going up to even 12 hours of battery life on a single charge.

The thing is, the more powerful hardware a laptop carries, the more battery life will be sacrificed. This is because powerful hardware eats up a lot of electricity. Most computers nowadays have devised ways of counter-acting this by dimming the display, throttling down the processor when the computer isn’t used and so forth.

If you’re sure you need a laptop with a great battery life, that’s also powerful but don’t want to pay through the nose for a MacBook, then you should invest in a secondary battery that you can take with you when you’re on the move.

In conclusion, if you’ve run through all these aspects, you should have a pretty clear picture in your head of what your next laptop should be like.



Source by Emanuel Bucsa

6 Web Scraping Tools To Acquire Data Without Coding

1. Outwit Hub:

Being a famous Firefox extension, Outwit Hub can be downloaded and integrated with your Firefox browser. It is a powerful Firefox add-on that has come with plenty of web scraping capabilities. Out of the box, it has some data point recognition features that will get your job done quickly and easily. Extracting the information from different sites with Outwit Hub doesn’t require any programming skills, and that’s what makes this tool the prior choice of non-programmers and non-technical individuals. It is free of cost and makes good use of its options to scrape your data, without compromising on quality.

2. Web Scraper (a Chrome Extension):

It is an outstanding web scraping software to acquire data without any coding. In other words, we can say that Web Scraper is an alternative to the Outwit Hub program. It is exclusively available for Google Chrome users and allows us to set up the sitemaps of how our sites should be navigated. Moreover, it will scrape different web pages, and the outputs are obtained in the form of CSV files.

3. Spinn3r:

Spinn3r is an outstanding choice for programmers and non-programmers. It can scrape the entire blog, news website, social media profile and RSS feeds for its users. Spinn3r makes use of the Firehose APIs that manage 95% of the indexing and web crawling works. In addition, this program allows us to filter out the data using specific keywords, which will weed out the irrelevant content in no time.

4. Fminer:

Fminer is one of the best, easiest and user-friendly web scraping software on the internet. It combines world’s best features and is widely famous for its visual dashboard, where you can view the extracted data before it gets saved on your hard disk. Whether you simply want to scrape your data or have some web crawling projects, Fminer will handle all types of tasks.

5. Dexi.io:

Dexi.io is a famous web-based scraper and data application. It doesn’t need you to download the software as you can perform your tasks online. It is actually a browser-based software that allows us to save the scraped information directly to the Google Drive and Box.net platforms. Moreover, it can export your files to CSV and JSON formats and supports the data scraping anonymously due to its proxy server.

6. ParseHub:

Parsehub is one of the best and most famous web scraping programs that acquire data without any programming or coding skills. It supports both complicated and simple data and can process sites that use JavaScript, AJAX, cookies, and redirects. Parsehub is a desktop application for the Mac, Windows and Linux users. It can handle up to five crawl projects for you at a time, but the premium version can handle more than twenty crawl projects simultaneously. If your data requires the custom-built setups, this DIY tool is not ideal for you.



Source by Jahangir Hossain

3 Types Of Web Application Architecture

Such terms as ”web app”, ”front-end architecture”, ”Web 2.0”, and ”HTML5 apps” have recently become trendy. Unfortunately these terms are often used in a misleading context which doesn’t consider the full specificity of implementation and usage of web app architecture. Today we’ll try to find out more about the types of web application architecture in the light of the latest web trends and key issues that matter to software owners.

We’ll outline 3 main types of web architecture and discuss their advantages and drawbacks for three points of view: software owner, software contractor (developer) and end user. There can be other types but they basically come down to these three as their subtypes.

First we’ll define a web application: it’s a client-server application – there is a browser (the client) and a web server. The logic of a web application is distributed among the server and the client, there’s a channel for information exchange, and the data is stored mainly on the server. Further details depend on the architecture: different ones distribute the logic in different ways. It can be placed on the server as well as on the client side.

It’s near to impossible to evaluate these completely different architectures impartially. But we’ll try to, using several criteria of evaluation:

User:

Responsiveness/Usability. Updates of data on pages, switching between pages (response time). Such qualities of user interface as richness and intuitiveness in use.

Linkability. Ability to save bookmarks and links to various sections of the website.

Offline work. Speaks for itself.

Developer:

Speed of development. Addition of new functional features, refactoring, parallelizing the development process between developers, layout designers, etc.

Performance. Maximum speed of response from the server with minimum consumption of computation power.

Scalability. Ability to increase computation power or disc space under increases in amounts of information and/or number of users. In case the allocated scalable system is used, one must provide data consistence, availability and partition tolerance (CAP theorem). It’s also worth noting that the case, when the number of features/screens of the client app is increased at the software owner’s request, depends on the framework and implementation rather than the type of web architecture.

Testability. Possibility and easiness of automated unit testing.

Software owner:

Functional extendability. Adding functionality within minimal time and budget.

SEO. Users must be able to find the application through any search engine.

Support. Expenses on app infrastructure – hardware, network infrastructure, maintenance staff.

Security. The software owner must be sure that both business data and information about users are kept secure. As the main security criterion we’ll consider the possibility of changes in functionality of app behavior on the client side, and all associated risks. Standard dangers are the same for the compared architectures. We do not consider security on the ‘server-client’ channel, because all these architectures are equally exposed to break-ins – this channel can be the same.

Conversion: site – mobile or desktop application. Possibility to publish the application on mobile markets or to make a desktop application out of it with minimal additional costs.

Some of these criteria might seem inaccurate, but the purpose of the article is not to show what’s good and what’s bad. It’s more of a detailed review that shows the possible options of choice.

Let’s outline three main types of web applications according to the roles performed by the server and the client browser.

Type 1: Server-side HTML

The most widespread architecture. The server generates HTML-content and sends it to the client as a full-fledged HTML-page. Sometimes this architecture is called ”Web 1.0”, since it was the first to appear and currently dominates the web.

Responsiveness/Usability: 1/5. The least optimal value among these architectures. It’s so because there is a great amount of data transferred between the server and the client. The user has to wait until the whole page reloads, responding to trivial actions, for example, when only a part of the page needs to be reloaded. UI templates on the client depend directly on the frameworks applied on the server. Due to the limitations of mobile internet and huge amounts of transferred data, this architecture is hardly applicable in the mobile segment. There are no means of sending instant data updates or changes in real time. If we consider the possibility of real-time updates via generation of ready chunks of content on the server side and updates of the client (through AJAX, WebSockets), plus design with partial changes of a page, we’ll go beyond this architecture.

Linkability: 5/5. The highest of the three, since it’s the easiest implementable. It’s due to the fact that by default one URL receives particular HTML-content on the server.

SEO: 5/5. Rather easily implemented, similarly to the previous criterion – the content is known beforehand.

Speed of development: 5/5. This is the oldest architecture, so it’s possible to choose any server language and framework for particular needs.

Scalability: 4/5. If we take a look at the generation of HTML, under the increasing load comes the moment when load balance will be needed. There’s a much more complicated situation with scaling databases, but this task is the same for these three architectures.

Performance: 3/5. Tightly bound to responsiveness and scalability in terms of traffic, speed etc. Performance is relatively low because a big amount of data must be transferred, containing HTML, design, and business data. Therefore it’s necessary to generate data for the whole page (not only for the changed business data), and all the accompanying information (such as design).

Testability: 4/5. The positive thing is that there’s no need in special tools, which support JavaScript interpretation, to test the front-end, and the content is static.

Security: 4/5. The application behavior logic is on the server side. However, data are transferred overtly, so a protected channel may be needed (which is basically a story of any architecture that concerns the server). All the security functionality is on the server side.

Conversion: site – mobile or desktop application: 0/5. In most cases it’s simply impossible. Rarely there’s an exception (more of exotics): for example, if the server is realized upon node.js, and there are no large databases; or if one utilizes third-party web services for data acquisition (however, it’s a more sophisticated variant of architecture). Thus one can wrap the application in node-webkit or analogous means.

Offline work: 2/5. Implemented with a manifest on the server, which is entered to HTML5 specifications. If the browser supports such a specification, all pages of the application will be cached: in case the connection is off, the user will see a cached page.

Type 2: JS generation widgets (AJAX)

Evolved architecture of the first type. The difference is that the page, which is displayed in the browser, consists of widgets (functionally independent units). Data are uploaded to these widgets through AJAX query from the server: either as a full-fledged chunk of HTML, or as JSON, and transforms (through JavaScript-templating/binding) into the content of the page. The option of uploading chunks of HTML excludes the necessity of using JavaScript-MV*-frameworks on the client side; in this case something simpler can be used – for example, jQuery. By lowering interactivity we boost the development speed and make functionality cheaper and more reliable.

The foremost advantage is that updates from the server arrive only for the part of the page requested by the client. It’s also good that widgets are separated functionally. A particular widget is in charge of a part of the page; changes in a part will not affect the whole page.

Responsiveness/Usability: 3/5. The volume of transferred data for a part of a page is smaller than for the whole page, that’s why responsiveness is higher. But since a page is a set of widgets, the applicable UI templates in a web application are limited by the chosen UI framework. Cold start (the first full loading) of such a page will take a little longer. The content, which is fully generated and cached on the server, can be instantly displayed on the client; here time is spent on getting the data for the widget and, as a rule, on templating. At the first visit the website will not be that quick to load, but further it will be much more pleasant in use, if compared to sites based on the architecture of the first type. Also it’s worth to mention the possibility of implementation of ”partial” loading (like it’s done on yahoo.com).

Linkability: 2/5. Here special tools and mechanisms are needed. As a rule, Hash-Bang mechanism is applied.

SEO: 2/5. There are special mechanisms for these tasks. For example, for promotion of websites based on this architecture it’s possible to predefine the list of promoted pages and make static URLs for them, without parameters and modificators.

Speed of development: 3/5. Not only does one need to know the server-side technologies, but also to use JavaScript frameworks on the client side. It’s also required to implement web services on the server side.

Performance: 4/5. The time and resources, spent on generation of HTML-content, are relatively minor if compared to the time spent by the app on retrieving data from the databases, and on their processing before templating. Use of the extended type of this architecture (when data are transferred as JSON) lowers the traffic between the client and the server, but adds an abstraction level to the application: retrieval from database -> data processing, serialization in JSON -> API: JSON -> parsing of JSON -> binding of data object on the client to HTML.

Scalability: 4/5. Same as for the first type of architecture.

Testability: 1/5. It’s required to test the server side, the client code, and the web service which returns the data to update widgets.

Security: 4/5. Part of the logic is shifted to the client JavaScript which can be modified by an intruder.

Conversion: site – mobile or desktop application: 0/5. Same as for the first type of architecture.

Offline work: 1/5. The manifest mechanism works in this case, but there’s a problem with updating or caching the data displayed on the widget. This functionality has to be implemented additionally: in the manifest can be indicated only names of the files which will be cached from the server. Correlation between the widget template file, cached in the manifest, and logic of page behavior requires extra labor efforts.

Type 3: Service-oriented single-page Web apps (Web 2.0, HTML5 apps)

Here we’d like to say that the term ”Web 2.0” isn’t quite correct here. One of peculiarities of Web 2.0 is the principle of involving users into filling and repeated adjustments of content. Basically the term ”Web 2.0” means projects and services which are actively developed and improved by users themselves: blogs, wikis, social networks. This means Web 2.0 isn’t bound to one technology or a set of technologies.

Let’s figure out the essence of this architecture. An HTML-page is downloaded from the server. This page is a container for JavaScript-code. This code adresses a particular web service and retrieves business data only. The data are used by JavaScript application, which generates the HTML-content of the page. This type of architecture is the evolution of the previous type, which actually is a self-sufficient and rather complex JavaScript application, where part of the functionality is shifted to the client side. To compare, the architecture of the second type cannot show a high number of interrelated and structured functions.

It’s also worth noting that nowadays rarely do appear JavaScript apps which work fully offline (with few exceptions, e.g. rad-js.com). This approach allows an easily made reverse conversion: publish an existing application on the web.

Responsiveness/Usability: 5/5. The volume of data transferred for updates, is minimal. That’s why responsiveness is at the highest level. UI is generated via JavaScript, it’s possible to implement any necessary variants. There is an issue with multithreading in JavaScript: in this particular case processing of big volumes of business data should be shifted to the web service.

Linkability: 1/5. One will need special tools and mechanisms, as well as frameworks which can use, for example, Hash-Bang mechanism.

SEO: 1/5. The hardest architecture to promote. If the whole app is promoted directly, there’s no problem: it’s possible to promote the application container. If it’s needed for a part of the application, a special mechanism will be needed for that purpose. Each more or less big search engine offers its own methods of standartization for this process.

Speed of development: 2/5. It’s required to develop a web service and apply more specialized JavaScript frameworks which build the app architecture. Since the architecture is relatively new, there aren’t many specialists who are able to create a high-quality site/system based on this approach. There aren’t many time-tested tools, frameworks and approaches.

Performance: 5/5. Under this architecture this criterion has the lowest influence from the server side. The server only has to give the JavaScript application to the browser. On the client side performance and browser type are of the biggest importance.

Scalability: 5/5. All the web logic is on the client side, there is no content generation on the server. When there’s an increase in the number of users, it’s required to scale only the web services that give the business data.

Testability: 3/5. It’s required to test web services and the client JavaScript code.

Security: 0/5. All the logic is shifted to the client JavaScript, which can be relatively easily modified by an intruder. For protected systems it’s required to develop a preventive architecture, which considers the peculiarities of open-source applications.

Conversion: site – mobile or desktop application: 5/5. A website becomes an application with the help of such platform as PhoneGap or similar ones.

Offline work: 5/5. This architecture is a full-fledged application; it’s possible to save separate data, as well as parts of the application using any storage (for example, localstorage). One more advantage is the possibility to switch data storage and management to the offline mode. To compare, the two aforementioned arhitectures are only partially functional in the offline. Here the missing data can be replaced with mocks, it’s possible to show alert windows or use data from the local storage, while synchronization may be left for later.

Thus we can see that there’s no perfect architecture – the optimal choice depends on tasks and priorities. If some criterion wasn’t mentioned here, it doesn’t mean it was ignored – it’s just the fact that for each particular software project every criterion has different importance. Each project must be discussed separately so the software owner will be able to make a choice. For every real project one of these criteria may be defining. It’s also possible to optimize the architecture of the app or implement a hybrid architecture which will perfectly meet the business requirements.



Source by Oleg Lola

Best Free Web Browsers: Midori Browser Review

Midori is a lightweight browser designed for Linux. Its interface is designed to be intuitive yet powerful. The page rendering is based on WebKit. Some key features include full integration with GTK+ 2, private browsing, tabbed navigation, ad filtering, and speed dial. Midori is a lot more configurable than other web browsers.

This web browser is very portable and should run on all platforms. It is based on WebKit, the same rendering engine used by Safari. Midori is surprisingly fast and includes all basic browser features. Tabs are shown below the address bar, as opposed to Google Chrome that displays them above. The menu items, input boxes, and toolbars are laid out much like you would find on other browsers. Midori puts emphasis on speed and simplicity. It loads pretty fast, depending on how many tabs you have opened.

Some Linux distributors are offering Midori as a default browser. One of its main features is the trash icon on the main toolbar, which allows users to see tabs that they have recently closed and reopen them from the list. Other notable features include:

• Mouse gestures

• Password management

• Customizable and extensible interface

• Full integration with GTK+ 2 and GTK+ 3 support

• No installation required

• Easy to use

• Speed dial

• Web application support

• HTML5 support

• Customization options

• High speed

• Standards compliant

• Configurable web search

• User scripts support

• Private browsing

• Tabbed navigation

• Extremely light

The bookmarks window is accessible via the “Edit” menu. The browser’s latest versions feature a feed panel, cookie management, form history, and Maemo integration for mobile devices. Aesthetically it may not be able to compete with some of the most popular browsers out there, but it has all the functionality necessary to act as a primary browser for everyday use. Midori comes with a wide range of customization options and offers great support for HTML5. This lightweight browser also supports extensions like Adblock and mouse gestures.

What makes Midori so appealing is that it’s lighting fast. Moving from one tab to another is very easy even with a large number of tabs. The address bar has a history searching feature that allows quick access to previously visited sites. If you like trying out new software, give Midori a try. It is a surprisingly capable browser with a lot of clever design behind it. The developers who created Minori are now offering a Windows installer, which is an added bonus.



Source by Teresa A Douglas

Responsive Web Design – What Is It All About?

What is Responsive Design?

This is a web design approach that is aimed at crafting websites so that an optimal viewing experience is provided. This is easy reading, navigation and usability with minimum use of resizing, panning, and scrolling across a wide range of devices, i.e. desktop computer monitors, to tablet computers, to mobile smart phones.

A website designed according to this approach will adapt its layout to the viewing environment. New websites will typically use some of the following concepts including fluid layouts or proportion-based grids, flexible images, and CSS3 media queries. These concepts are summarised below.

Fluid layouts and proportion-based grids calls for page element sizing to be in relative units like percentages, rather than absolute or fixed units like pixels or points.

Flexible images are also sized in relative units, so as to prevent them from displaying outside their containing element.

Media queries allow the page to use different CSS style rules based on characteristics of the device which the website is being displayed on.

Fluid layouts

With the ever expanding width of computer monitors and being able to view the Web on your TV screen, which are also getting wider, fixed layouts show wasted white space when viewed on a screen larger than the specified width. Solutions have included background colours or even images to fill the space but this leads to the problem of how big and what size.

Fluid layouts provide an easier solution and use relative measurements such as percentages which are flexible and give you more malleability and fluidity when compared to fixed layouts. As a designer you won’t need to think about type of device or its size or screen width, because your website through its design will adapt to the size of the device used.

Proportion-Based Grids

This concept expands on fluid layouts. In this concept a maximum layout size for the design can be specified. There is a grid and this is divided into a specific number of columns. This keeps the layout tidy and easy to work with. Each element such as images, div tags, and so forth, has proportional widths and heights instead of fixed pixel based dimensions. These elements can be manipulated using media queries to suit each category of device such as mobile, tablet and desktop so that whenever the device or screen size is changed, the elements will adjust their widths and heights by the specified proportions.

Media Queries

These consist of a media type and at least one expression that limit the scope of the style sheets by using media features, such as width, height, and colour, and are resolved to either true or false. When a media query, such as viewing the website on a tablet computer, is resolved as true, the corresponding style sheet or style rules are applied. When false, such as website is not being viewed on a tablet computer, the corresponding style sheet or style rules are not applied.

This concept allows a web page to use many different CSS style rules based on characteristics of the device which the website is being displayed on. As shown above, a web page could in fact have a CSS rules for mobile, tablet and desktop.

HTML5 Boilerplate

With responsive design having already taken off and many websites moving to make there websites more accessible we examine HTML5 Boilerplate – the basis of a majority of responsive frameworks.

This is a professional front-end template method for building fast, robust, and adaptable website and apps. It has formed the base for responsive website design for some of the latest design and development software such as Dreamweaver, Expression Web, and used companies such as Google and Microsoft to name a few.

Features

  • HTML5 compatible.
  • Cross-browser compatible. This includes Chrome, Opera, Safari, Firefox and IE.
  • Includes Normalize.css for CSS normalizations and common bug fixes.
  • The latest jQuery and Modernizr build for feature detection.
  • IE-specific classes for easier cross-browser control.
  • Placeholder CSS Media Queries.
  • Default print CSS, performance optimized.
  • Protection against any stray console.log causing JavaScript errors in IE6/7.
  • An optimized Google Analytics snippet.
  • Apache server caching, compression, and other configuration defaults for Grade-A performance.
  • Cross-domain Ajax and Flash.
  • “Delete-key friendly.” Easy to strip out parts you don’t need.

The HTML 5 Boilerplate benefits responsive design by combining the concepts of fluid layouts, proportional based grids and media queries to aid in the create of easy to read, easy to navigate and user friendly and device friendly designs.



Source by Adam L Grannell

Best Web Programming Languages: Every Beginner Should Know

The industry of computer science is flourishing in the global world, and the best aspect is it pays off excellent! There has been, and is always, the demand for qualified, sharp and intellectual engineers and that is the reason why youngsters are learning codes as it is the most appealing option. However, with new skills coming up in the industry, youngsters are finding it difficult to understand the ways to start.

When you are about to start, you need to know in brief about the programming languages. You definitely need to make efforts to master in the respected language (one or more), and the result will be a high paying job on your platter in the leading industry. Let us have a quick look at the 6 most popular and rewarding web programming languages of 2016 that you can go for.

1. HTML/HTML5

• It is the latest or advanced version of Hypertext Markup Language which includes behaviors, new attributes and elements.

• It helps with enhanced flexibility, offers features of- offline editing, drag/drop, improved messaging, and elimination of outdated attributes.

• Offers high speed optimization, styling, 2D and 3D graphics, connectivity, multimedia and integrated performance.

2. CSS/CSS3

• It is simple and easy to learn, and it compatible with any older versions.

• It has a speedy development, features can be changed easily, has a compatible browser and independent platform.

• Easy to add animations and images, texts and borders, which enhances overall appearance.

• Testing features is now easy with the latest version of CSS.

• New tools helping designers to experiment with their creations.

3. JavaScript

• It is not Java, rather is the powerful language which helps in enhancing the web pages. The JavaScript helps in adding effects in the various web pages, in creating functionality games and also in popping up messages.

• This is a worldwide used scripting language which works best with many major and popular browsers.

• It is used as the base in many new technology which helps in real time communication.

• Learning JavaScript is important for all, it helps in creating interactive pages.

• It has an excellent user interface that offers you to make fresh images, add scripts or animations, and make creative profiles.

4. JQuery

• It is an excellent language to learn for many web developers, both newbies and experienced.

• It can be used easily even with complex projects and can be combined with other languages as well.

• It has a huge library consisting of different functionalities which can be used.

• Easy to go through tutorials and documents, best for a beginner to learn.

• One can create Ajax templates using user friendly interface.

• Many plug-ins are readily available that helps in high speed development.

5. PHP

• All web developers should have knowledge in PHP language of programming, which is a popular and effective platform.

• The web can be expanded easily and within less time, and even with fewer efforts applied.

• It is the foundation language for many management systems.

• It is a profitable language which helps to many programmers and developers.

• The Hypertext Pre Processor language is for scripting which runs on any server and help in creating the pages which are previously in HTML format.

• It is a popular programming language and provides many advanced tools for the programmers and new learners.

6. MySQL

• In order to execute on Oracle, SQL Microsoft, one needs to learn about SQL language.

• The Standard Query Language will help in gaining proficiency which works in multifaceted and huge data bases.

• After JavaScript, MySQL is most commonly used by the worldwide developers.

• It helps to be used by small and big business, universities and also banks.

• A lot of mobile phone applications have SQL database access and various popular apps have been developed on it.

Conclusion:

So, what have you decided? Which programming language you want to learn as a beginner? Well, if you like getting into the field of web development then the best language suitable for you to learn will be JavaScript, irrespective of you like or not. On the other side, if you wish to go with the backend development of web then learn SQL language. If you are looking forward to make mine data websites then you can learn the Python language.

In addition to this, if you are looking to work in a company then you can learn Java. For building any things or for any jobs, you can start learning SQL, which is even good for Math students. So, now that everything is explained clearly to you, it is your decision to make on what programming language you wish to learn. Have a happy time in learning, and you will eventually earn huge profits from any language you choose.



Source by Shiva Kumar P

Native App Vs Web App: Perhaps A Hybrid?

Hybrid mobile applications are functionally somewhere between native apps and web apps. As these two types of mobile software serve completely different purposes, standing poles apart, hybrid apps fill the space between them, and incorporate features of both sides. What makes them close to native apps, is their ability to utilize native features of a mobile platform. Hybrid apps are distributed through application stores, and may utilize such native feature as, for example, geolocation. On the other hand, it shares many useful features with web apps. It might be so that if you want to build an application, a hybrid one would be the best solution for you.

Features of hybrid apps, shared with web apps:

– Created upon web technologies (JavaScript, HTML5, CSS3). That’s the main distinction from native apps, which presuppose all the further features. The most popular tools for creating hybrid mobile software are PhoneGap and Appcelerator Titanium.

– Easier and faster to build than native apps. This results in lower development cost.

– Cross-platform capabilities. A great advantage, provided by web technologies – you may create the app once for various mobile platforms. But keep in mind, that an app may not run the same on various devices, that is why quality cross-platform software requires comprehensive testing on a list of devices chosen by you. That’s how the possible problems are eliminated before deployment.

– Lower performance than in native apps. That is why more sophisticated apps will be affected by slightly lower speed and graphics. Consider the balance of features and speed carefully – users are quite likely to switch to another app, if they face delays. That’s why hybrid applications are not good for creating complex apps like games.

Features of hybrid apps, shared with native apps:

– Distribution through application stores (such as Apple App Store, Google Play, BlackBerry World and Windows Phone Store).

– Use of native device capabilities. That is an inaccessible option for mobile web apps. In case your software is going to depend on geolocation, camera, accelerometer etc. – a hybrid application will provide you with that.

– Offline capabilities. That’s a feature of the foremost importance for many apps. And that matters much to users – having what they need and what they like anytime, anywhere.

You may consult with your software developers to find out whether a hybrid app is really ‘the golden mean’ that will perfectly fit your project. That must be discussed and firmly decided before the development. The decision depends on the user experience you need to provide, the features of the project, and the market/user audience you chose to encompass and engage into using the app. Business apps that require native access or apps with moderate graphics – these are examples of a good choice for hybrid development.



Source by Oleg Lola

Learn Web Development Easily – What Resources Do You Need?

It is a good idea to learn web development because you can turn this into a pretty good career. You can choose to work for an IT company or even strike out on your own as a freelance web developer. However, this is a very large field and you need to be very specific about what you learn or else you might easily get sidetracked with skills that are not particularly useful.

The most important language to learn is HTML5 because this is where the future of web development lies and you’ll need it just to be able to start doing this work. CSS and PHP are also important and you will benefit from learning these once you are comfortable with HTML5. Once you have learnt the basics then you can also pick up Rails, Ruby, SQL, JavaScript and even Apache. There are many tools that you can pick up as you go along and they will enable you to be very effective as a web developer.

You’ll need to put in a fair amount of time and effort in order to learn HTML5 so that you can get started at web development. You need to learn the different specifications of this language to start with and then proceed to more features such as input controls, semantic tags and selector API. You’ll also need to learn various guiding principles for good design. Of course, the time you take to pick up all your skills depends on how hard you work and what resources you have.

There are many different ways in which you can learn web development. They include

  • Tutorials and manuals (including books, video and audio guides)
  • Training classes
  • Video and audio guides
  • Podcasts and screencast
  • Online user groups

Make sure that you use the best possible resources in order to learn web development quickly and with the least amount of trouble. It is not sufficient to pick up just book knowledge even though you’ll need to get a lot of this. You also need to put your learning into practice so that you can get really good at web development. You will be able to learn very quickly if you have a partner because you can then do a lot of practice in order to hone your skills. Once you have the necessary skills and experience then you will be able to earn a very good income this way.



Source by Johny Robinson