Web Design Tools for Creating Websites Without the Coding Knowledge

In today’s world, websites have become a backbone of every business, without which they will lose out on their market shares. If your business does not have an official website, you will not be able to cope up with your competitors. It has in fact become a basic necessity for businesses of all sizes.

Coding of websites from the scratch can be a daunting task, and you will require many days to develop websites if you were to code it completely. There are many web design tools available that can help you develop websites rather quickly.

One of the most popular and common tool used for designing websites is an HTML editor. HTML is an instruction language used to structure and organize contents on webpage. Sometimes working with HTML can be quite confusing, particularly when you work with different markups or content and programming language.

In order to create your web pages, you could make use of an HTML editor. They allow for easily editing, you could design your websites fairly quickly. It is quite easy to embed images and flash objects with the help of HTML editors. The HTML editor is among the amazing web design tools that offer wide array of features.

Most of the web developers makes us of an HTML editor, since it can render marvelous results. If you are looking for HTML editor, then you can search the internet and you will find plenty of different editors with different price tags. All the HTML editors have slightly different features. The HTML editor is mostly included in the many high-end editing tools.

With the HTML editors, you can design the websites by using their ready features quite easily. You could simply paste the images and direct them to the source. In just a few minutes, you can have complete tables and web pages.

On the other hand, graphics of websites are also extremely important elements. Therefore, it becomes essential that web developers have the capability to work with different graphics. The professional graphic designers are usually quite creative, and they can handle even the complex graphics. Photoshop is probably among the most important web design tools that all web designers are familiar with.

The web design tools help designers to create functional and attractive buttons, text and logos while developing the graphics. The tool to resize images is also important for reducing the size of the web pages.

The Flash development is an area in which most of the web developers delegate to the experts. The flash designing tools will help you enhance the multimedia feature of your website. The flash tools will add more functionality beyond simple designing. They help you in converting video files into flash and make them smaller, so that they work efficiently on websites.

You can also make use of tools that can outline the processes required to make dynamic web forms. You can also create websites pop-ups and storefronts. Variety of additional tools can assists designers to add forum, photo galleries, blogs and many options.



Source by Mike R John

Responsive Web Design – What Is It All About?

What is Responsive Design?

This is a web design approach that is aimed at crafting websites so that an optimal viewing experience is provided. This is easy reading, navigation and usability with minimum use of resizing, panning, and scrolling across a wide range of devices, i.e. desktop computer monitors, to tablet computers, to mobile smart phones.

A website designed according to this approach will adapt its layout to the viewing environment. New websites will typically use some of the following concepts including fluid layouts or proportion-based grids, flexible images, and CSS3 media queries. These concepts are summarised below.

Fluid layouts and proportion-based grids calls for page element sizing to be in relative units like percentages, rather than absolute or fixed units like pixels or points.

Flexible images are also sized in relative units, so as to prevent them from displaying outside their containing element.

Media queries allow the page to use different CSS style rules based on characteristics of the device which the website is being displayed on.

Fluid layouts

With the ever expanding width of computer monitors and being able to view the Web on your TV screen, which are also getting wider, fixed layouts show wasted white space when viewed on a screen larger than the specified width. Solutions have included background colours or even images to fill the space but this leads to the problem of how big and what size.

Fluid layouts provide an easier solution and use relative measurements such as percentages which are flexible and give you more malleability and fluidity when compared to fixed layouts. As a designer you won’t need to think about type of device or its size or screen width, because your website through its design will adapt to the size of the device used.

Proportion-Based Grids

This concept expands on fluid layouts. In this concept a maximum layout size for the design can be specified. There is a grid and this is divided into a specific number of columns. This keeps the layout tidy and easy to work with. Each element such as images, div tags, and so forth, has proportional widths and heights instead of fixed pixel based dimensions. These elements can be manipulated using media queries to suit each category of device such as mobile, tablet and desktop so that whenever the device or screen size is changed, the elements will adjust their widths and heights by the specified proportions.

Media Queries

These consist of a media type and at least one expression that limit the scope of the style sheets by using media features, such as width, height, and colour, and are resolved to either true or false. When a media query, such as viewing the website on a tablet computer, is resolved as true, the corresponding style sheet or style rules are applied. When false, such as website is not being viewed on a tablet computer, the corresponding style sheet or style rules are not applied.

This concept allows a web page to use many different CSS style rules based on characteristics of the device which the website is being displayed on. As shown above, a web page could in fact have a CSS rules for mobile, tablet and desktop.

HTML5 Boilerplate

With responsive design having already taken off and many websites moving to make there websites more accessible we examine HTML5 Boilerplate – the basis of a majority of responsive frameworks.

This is a professional front-end template method for building fast, robust, and adaptable website and apps. It has formed the base for responsive website design for some of the latest design and development software such as Dreamweaver, Expression Web, and used companies such as Google and Microsoft to name a few.

Features

  • HTML5 compatible.
  • Cross-browser compatible. This includes Chrome, Opera, Safari, Firefox and IE.
  • Includes Normalize.css for CSS normalizations and common bug fixes.
  • The latest jQuery and Modernizr build for feature detection.
  • IE-specific classes for easier cross-browser control.
  • Placeholder CSS Media Queries.
  • Default print CSS, performance optimized.
  • Protection against any stray console.log causing JavaScript errors in IE6/7.
  • An optimized Google Analytics snippet.
  • Apache server caching, compression, and other configuration defaults for Grade-A performance.
  • Cross-domain Ajax and Flash.
  • “Delete-key friendly.” Easy to strip out parts you don’t need.

The HTML 5 Boilerplate benefits responsive design by combining the concepts of fluid layouts, proportional based grids and media queries to aid in the create of easy to read, easy to navigate and user friendly and device friendly designs.



Source by Adam L Grannell

Presentation Layer in Website Design

As we are all aware, there are always two sides of every website design. The visual side that all users see with all the graphic elements, buttons, pictures and the side behind it, which is the code that is responsible for the functionality of the website. How to achieve the balance?

The enabling side does not contain only one type of code, but it encompasses different ones. First off all it is HTML code, which creates a framework in which to embed CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) or programming languages such as PHP. In other words HTML is used to structure the content on the page, while CSS allows treating your website content and its style separately and programming languages communicate instructions to the computer.

HTML itself does not power such effects as drop down menus or carousels. There is a code which is expressively dedicated to the user interface while other code is used to process data and connect to database. The ‘presentation layer’ refers to graphical interface as well as to the code that powers it, including the code that controls interactive elements such as drop down menus.

Presentation code includes:

  • HTML and HTML 5
  • CSS
  • Scripting languages such as JavaScript, jQuery and Ajax.

Usually all those languages are skilfully weaved together in order to create a visually attractive and highly functional website design.

1. Creating multimedia interface

Animated and immersive design is achieved through the use of either Adobe Flash or combination of HTML, CSS and other scripting languages mixed together.

For many years Adobe Flash was in the lead, but it started to change. Nowadays with the development of HTML 5 and CSS we are able to increasingly replicate much of the interactive and animation effects.

HTML 5, the most recent edition of HTML has made a huge step forward in terms of presentation layer design capabilities. It provides an improved toolkit of elements and properties and acknowledges the way designers work and use particular elements. For example it allows designers to define a navigation group with the new ‘nav’ instead of the previously used ‘div’ element. The animation and interaction design support features of HTML5 have also improved impressively, and the fact that HTML5 is supported on mobile browsers such as Apple’s Safari has opened up the web design possibilities.

A few words about Adobe Flash

Flash is an animation and interactive technology that enables to create highly immersive interface. As for implementation of Flash element in website design the process is quite simple. The component developed in Adobe Flash is exported as a self- contained .swf file and in exactly the same way as an image, the .swf file is embedded within a HTML page. The .swf file can either be a small portion of the page or it can literally be the entire interface. It must be noticed that users must have the Flash player installed in their browser in order to view a page featuring a .swf component.

Despite the capability of creating impressive user experience using Flash has some disadvantages. The most significant one is the fact that the Apple mobile platform simply does not support Flash files. Therefore, the website created in Flash must offer an alternative version of the site for (Apple) mobile viewers (of course only if the market is important enough to them). The invitation for the user to download the latest version of the Flash player on the iPhone is an irrelevant button, since even if they did download Flash the site would still not be accessible.

HTML5 – Flash alternative

As mentioned earlier, combination of HTML 5, CSS and jQuery code now make it possible to reproduce animated websites that were only possible in Flash. Using ‘canvas’ element it is now much easier than ever to design rich and animated user interface. Most modern desktop and mobile browsers support the HTML5 standard which makes it possible to create design that works across a multitude of platforms.

1.1 DHTML, JavaScript, jQuery, and Ajax

Bear in mind that HTML just forms a structure for a content. Scripting languages such as JavaScript, Ajax, and jQuery which control the behaviour of user interface elements and content displayed on a page are woven into that structure.

JavaScript is a dynamic scripting language that is capable of complex animation and interaction effects, such as creating a drop-down menu or an expanding window layer. It allows to interact with the user, control the browser and alter the web page content that is displayed. When JavaScript is implemented into HTML, the HTML is then referred to as ‘DHTML’. Dynamic HTML (DHTML) allows to create interesting interactive components and animations.

jQuery is a simplified form of JavaScript that focuses on the commonly-used interactions between JavaScript and HTML. It is designed to make it easier to navigate a web page. jQuery is a free, open-source software and is available online. You can copy and paste ready scripts into your web pages and customize them to serve your purposes. Using jQuery, you can create animation and interaction design effects with much less code than would be required with JavaScript.

Examples of jQuery effects:

  • Expanding and collapsing according windows
  • Carousel image rotation
  • Image zoom upon rollover etc.

Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) allows data processing such as sending or retrieving data to occur in the background (asynchronously) without interfering with display or behaviour of the web page. Therefore reloading the page or clicking an “update” button is not required and data on the page can be refreshed/updated automatically.

1.2 Advanced CSS Graphic Effects

In the past, in order to create a graphic element, a button for example, we used to rely on bitmap graphics such as jpeg or gif. Not only do they increase the load time of the web page but also they have to be created by designers familiar with software such as Photoshop, and then they have to be hand-changed every time you wish to change the look of the site.

Nowadays CSS is offering increasing levels of stylistic control over the appearance of elements. It’s now possible to add gradations, rounded corners, reflections, and soft drop shadows to text and elements simply through code.

There are quite a few useful CSS graphical style controls that we can be implemented to avoid the use of bitmap graphics in building user interface.

The advantages of using CSS for our user interface include:

  • Faster download times – CSS code is written just once, and can be applied as a style to any graphic or text element;
  • Scalable design – CSS code allows you to apply scalable attributes to fonts and elements;
  • Easy maintenance – In order to change the size, colour, and visual effects of a button, text, or design element, we simply change values in the CSS code, and the change will be applied to all elements assigned to the particular style;
  • Accessibility – in CSS we are using actual text for our buttons and interface elements, and these are tagged and identified in a way that screen readers can digest and translate for users who rely on such devices.

1.3 Responsive design

The most recent trend in website design is ‘responsive design’. It is an approached aimed at creating websites in a way that provides an optimal viewing experience, easy to read and navigate across the wide range of devices. When the user changes the size of their browser window, the web page updates immediately in order to optimally display in the ‘view port’ size. View port is a new term designers use to refer to not only different desktop browser sizes, but also mobile devices which all have different fixed screen sizes.

Responsive design is possible thanks to the ‘media queries portion of the CSS3 specification. It recognizes the browser’s size and tells the page to load the appropriate style sheet, for example ‘widescreen.css’ or ‘mobilescreen.css’. It is possible because different style sheets contain different layout systems, font sizes, and image optimization settings.

The last but not least is getting a creative ideas for user interface. There are plenty of inspirations online. It would be advised to analyse good design practices, break them down to essentials, and see how some of them can be adapted for application in our own field.



Source by Bart Dom

Significant Tools For Responsive Website Design

The significance of a responsive web design has increased dramatically in the previous years. At the present instead of personal computers people are increasing using smartphones, tablets and netbooks for browsing internet. When we say a responsive website, we mean that scalable images and adjustable layouts should be used so the people using smartphones could straightforwardly and easily access your website. Thanks to the advancement of technology this trend is increasing day by day and this year we will be seeing many more websites that are being designed to be more interactive and dynamic. These types of dynamic and sophisticated websites can be accessed more conveniently through smartphones and tablets. This means that the website would become more widely accessed as compared to normal internet sites. The graphic design of a standard site and a mobile website is created differently.

In an interactive and responsive graphic design, the images are actually fluid images that are changed with context aware images and an updated version is applied for improved designing. Due to this sophisticated technology the images adjust for diverse resolutions and it can be easily viewed through larger screens and smaller screens. When we talk about responsive and interactive websites, we should discuss the several tools which can make the project of creating such a website possible. These tools are mentioned below.

Adobe Device Central CS5 is the latest version of the Adobe Device Central. It is a software program which effectively makes the task of producing interesting and innovative content for mobile phones, tablets and other devices very simple and easy. This software lets the designer plan, preview and test different designing experiences and then delivers these experiences on a smartphone. The exclusive features of the Adobe Device Central CS5 include online library of device profiles, advanced device input emulation and compete HTML5 development support. The Golden Grid System is a fantastic tool that every designer who has created responsive and interactive sites knows about. With this tool the designer is able to split the screen into 18 equal columns and two of those columns in the extreme ends would be the outer margins. The remaining sixteen columns would be further folded in eight columns for tablet screens and in four columns for smartphones. Zoomable baseline grid, elastic gutters and Golden Gridlet are other features of the Golden Grid System.

FitText is one of the jQuery plug-ins that inflates web type and fluid or responsive layout so that the scalable headlines that fill the width of a parent element are achieved. FitText basically makes the size of the fonts flexible and in this way a site can be easy accessed from screens of different sizes. Gridless is a fantastic solution when you are designing an interactive and responsive internet site. It is a cross-browser and open source tool which can efficiently facilitate a responsive site with striking typography. It facilitates CSS3 and HTML5 development.

One important factor which stays with every type of internet site is the logo. Whatever technology is used to make an internet site, the logo of the business should be there. So before you continue with designing of your website, it is important that you first have an affordable logo design created for your website. An affordable logo design is also important because the development of an interactive and responsive website might be expensive so you have to ensure that everything stays within your budget.



Source by Paul Yards

Web Design Trends in 2011 Internet Marketing Companies Already Know About

It’s hard to keep up with the big guys but that doesn’t mean it’s impossible. We all drink from the same waterhole and word does get around. Now, if you are itching for updates on web design trends established internet marketing companies are already applying for their clients, here are some of those I’ve seen them do.

1. Less Flash, More CSS3 and HTML5

Yes, they are back! And bigger than ever, might I say. A lot of new websites have been applying CSS3 and HTML5 more by virtue of its “friendliness”. We all know how testy flash can be online. And despite being attractive, it doesn’t really do well for any site to incorporate flash and experience navigation troubles. Besides, flash isn’t useful for SEO.

2. Color Experimentation

Businesses are apparently embracing alternative color schemes today other than the usual black, white, and blue. Most of the new websites are already incorporating, yellow, green and red – which makes them unique, eye catching and appealing. But of course, there is a limit to the application and web designers seem to stick to at least three tones. Anyways, I for one think it’s a nice change to have something different to work on this time.

3. Mobile Internet Ready

Given the emergence of more smart phones and people’s growing preference to surf through them, web designers and businesses have made it a point to create websites that appear as well planned on mobile phones as they are on computers. But of course, they try not to compromise the quality of the design by using CSS3 codes that can easily conform to whatever viewer medium is used.

4. Creating More Depth

Whether it’s applying Parallax Scrolling or just manipulating codes to get that 3D effect, sites today are now able to pop out from computer screens and give users a whole new browsing experience. Depth evokes more feelings as it stimulates the visual sense to investigate and admire the patterns and how woven they are on the website.

5. Using Photographs

This is another technique web designers are currently using to give a website that dramatic and unique look. High resolution images that occupy most of the site are certified to grab the viewer’s attention and are currently dominating the scene. Of course, it is required for the pictures to be well set, edited and content appropriate for it to be utilized. It shouldn’t overpower the text as well.

Internet marketing companies should do more than just give you what you want. They should keep you in line with what’s applicable today. So maybe you should check if you are getting updated services from the experts you are consulting with. Have them explore what current trends out there in all elements of internet marketing and let them get back to you with a timely action plan.



Source by TJ Corruthers

Top 10 Design Trends In The Year 2015

1. HUGE IMAGES AND HTML5 VIDEOS

In 2014 the use of big images and videos got increasingly more popular as the year went by. In 2015 we can expect this trend to continue. Mixing big images with scrolling effects, HTML5 videos or parallax effects to give eye candy and at the same time showcasing products, services or simply giving the wow factor.

2. 2D INTO 3D FOR DESIGNERS

3D software is getting easier to use as the years go by. Converting a simple shape to a 3D model takes mere seconds now. More and more 2D designers are finding software such as Adobe After Effects to be helpful when it comes to creating that extra “oomph” to make a website pop. Adobe After Effects offers a similar interface to Photoshop, which means learning how the actual program works can be done in a few days. Whether it comes to creating 3D presentation work or actual 3D design elements, this will definitely be a trend to stay in 2015.

3. THE IMPORTANCE OF UX DESIGN

User-Experience is on a roll in the last few years. More and more designers are finding out how crucial it is to plan a site thoroughly, before they even start to design. In 2015 we can expect innovative website structures, combined with the interactions we have never seen before. Thinking of every possible detail to separate yourself from the crowd will be crucial. The web as we know it is going to start changing. Drastically.

4. TYPOGRAPHY AS A KEY ELEMENT

Font size in 2014 got even bigger compared to the previous years and there is no sign this will stop anytime soon, in fact fonts will probably get even bigger. Typography will evolve into actual design elements and will be replacing images, giving websites powerful messages and further improving site loading times.

5. TRADITIONAL ART ON THE WEB?

More and more designers are trying to find more ways to push their creative limits. Trying to be perceived as individuals and make a name for themselves, people are trying to take other talents and combine it with their passion for web design to create an unique package. Pencil drawn design elements such as icons with incredible detail will be seen far more often in the year of 2015.

6. RESPONSIVE WEB DESIGN ON A NEW LEVEL

Responsive web design has proved itself in 2014 as the new web standard. Pushing products on a range of all devices has never been as popular as today. We can only guess how far it can go, but it’s definitely here to stay.

7. SVG ANIMATION

In 2015 we can expect an increase in custom made SVG animations. The benefit of such animations is, that they are scalable and have way more functionality over CSS animations. SVG animations will be used to create custom hover effects, website loading screens and also background animations. Using animation together with logos or other vector type graphics will be more popular in the year 2015.

8. STORY TELLING WEBSITES

In 2015 we can expect an increase in websites which tell us a story. The main objective is to lure the visitor into the content and keep him interested till he reads every single word we have on our website. This is done through scrolling, parallax effects, big images and smart content writing. Adults can be like children sometimes. Being different, being interesting will definitely keep the visitors and with time attract lots more.

9. INCREASE OF TRIANGULAR DESIGN

2014 has been very big on keeping the designs simple and rectangular. In 2015 we predict to see an increase of various shapes including triangles, pentagons, hexagons and so on. These elements will work in harmony with rectangular shapes to provide design diversity.

10. BRANDING ONLINE FIRST

More and more companies see that most of their advertising is done on the web. This will force designers to create web identities and notice potential problems before they can happen. Logos will be designed to fit any sort of scale. A logo that can fit both on a tiny pen or work equally well on a huge poster. Branding online first will be beneficial to both customers and designers.



Source by Timi Kokol

Latest Web Design Trends on Board in 2012

Mobile web technology is gaining momentum and will be ruling in the coming years, as per the survey reports. With the mobile friendly generation growing in a vertical fashion, 20% of total web search and browsing is supposed to be done on mobile devices in 2012 itself. Designers and developers are focusing on mobile technology to ensure that websites have mobile-friendly look and function. Websites with mobile themes and interface can be see, without a glitch, on iPad, iPhone and the Android based phones. Evidently, mobile compatible web design services are popular.

Relying on HTML5 and CSS3

In the last few years, Flash used to be the most wanted and used multimedia tool for animation. Adobe has ceased to be supportive for mobile devices. Now web developers are extensively using JQuery, HTML5 and CSS3 for lending animated effects to websites. According to experts, Flash has no better alternative in terms of interactivity.

Designing banners and ribbons

These are not brand new web design trends or techniques in the industry. It has recently hit the jackpot. Banner navigation bars and corner ribbons have become popular web design trends. Web designers are honing their skills in designing banners and ribbons better than before. Tutorials on banner and ribbon designing too are available online.

Integrating social media apps

Social media integration is one of the must-have features of website themes these days. Demand for social media integration is likely to rise in the coming years when mobile devices will be ruling roost in the market as minicomputer systems. Keywords like social networking and social community are much-heard and much-used facets of the web world. Mobile phone users are in the habit of browsing the web, accessing social media and sharing views or posts on social platforms when they are on the go. Mobile friendly websites come with integrated social media apps so that the users can utilize the latest social media innovations to their benefit.

Designing online magazines

Online magazines are on the rise in terms of use and popularity. With unique and interactive page layout, they are unlike commonplace WordPress blog. The design of the home page of an online magazine should be attractive, purposeful and interactive to catch attention. Mobile versions of online magazines are all the rage with those who connect with the world on their mobile phones.

Designing single page layout

Single page layout design is a hot web design trend in 2012. Anything that is additional or unnecessary can be easily deleted from single page layouts. Such is the benefit of this trend. Single page layout also serves as business cards giving the business information precisely and concisely.

Adding modal window to websites

A modal window is a pop-up window but more sophisticated than the latter. It displays information and asks the visitor for inputs. The visitors do not need to leave the current page. Modal windows with registration forms are set to become the face of websites like video galleries.

If you want any of these new design features to be packed in the website of your dream, make sure to hire a web design services provider who is up with the latest trends in web design.



Source by Avinash Pathak

Web Design Trends – HTML5 Vs Flash, CSS3, WCMS and More

As the Internet expands the world of design, there are a few trends to be on the lookout for. Web design constantly undergoes changes in trends as the years pass. Certain aspects of design like HTML5 vs Flash, CSS, content management systems, and software development platforms are all changing how people create on the web.

HTML5

Specific trends like oversized logos and headers, huge images, typography, minimalism, and intro boxes have been popular in the past. For the future of web design, there will be more HTML5, CSS, content management systems, and software development platforms. The large debate between HTML5 and Flash will probably forever continue, but HTML5 has some great benefits. HTML5 is better supported on mobile devices and allows for more interactive design on the web. HTML5 is already compatible on most browsers such as Firefox, Chrome, Safari, and Opera. It also gives developers more flexibility and allows them to do more things in-house and it allows for more powerful and interactive applications. HTML5 lets developers manage data, draw, and play video and audio (which developers had problems doing with HTML4). HTML5 has new canvas and also makes it easy to embed video elements. It also has a new geolocation APIs, client-side database, offline application cache, and thread-like operation.

Flash

Flash still has some great benefits. Flash has better support streaming secure and live video, is more ubiquitous and the 2D and 3D APIs are more usable than canvas (allegedly). The developer community is larger and more mature than HTML5 and the tools are strong and well-supported. Designers are also more comfortable using Flash. Flash also gives access to web cam and audio recording.

CSS3

New trends in CSS3 include change of text selection color, gradually changing links, 1px clicks, easier introduction paragraphs, and box shadow with RGBA on hover. With CSS3, designers can change the color of selected text to match the color scheme of the rest of the site. Also with CSS3, designers can change the opacity of a hover link. 1px click makes links that are clicked on move down 1px and return to their original place after the mouse is released. Introduction paragraphs are also easier and CSS3 allows designers to create a box shadow with RGBA on hover.

WCMS

A web content management system or WCMS lets users with little or lots of web programming language know-how create and manage a web site’s content with ease. A WCMS can use templates and the WCMS uses databases to store artifacts, content, and metadata. Most WCMSs use server side caching and most have automated templates, scalable expansion, easily editable content, scalable feature sets, web standards upgrades, workflow management, collaboration, delegation, document management, content virtualization, content syndication, multilingual capabilities, and versioning.

Software Development Platforms

Also known as HTML editors are software applications used to create web pages. Such applications, like Adobe Dreamweaver, allow users to create and preview web sites in locally installed web browsers, transfer features, synchronize features, find and replace lines of text, find and replace lines of code, and use templates. These software development platforms can also use third-party extensions to increase functionality. Most of them can also be used with HTML and are usually compatible with Mac or Windows operating systems. Software development platforms often support CSS, JavaScript, and other scripting languages and frameworks.

Checkout reviews & comparison of design courses.

Because the Internet is rapidly and constantly expanding the web design world, trends of web design are constantly upgrading to new software, languages, and editing platforms. By keeping up with these web design trends, designers and developers can make attractive and interactive web site designs that will increase in popularity and ease of use.



Source by Jonathan Roseland