Mobile Application Development – Current Technologies

Smartphones are a huge success story of the past two decades – and the devices get more powerful each year. Many businesses achieve significant benefits by using mobile technology – including those in both industrial and commercial markets. Deploying applications to mobile users involves a unique set of challenges and choices.

This article provides a background on the current mobile technologies available.

Types of Application for Mobile

The fundamental consideration with delivering business applications over mobile phones is the huge number of devices, and the wide variety of features on these.

Successful mobile application development often involves a combination of technologies and techniques. This is where a diverse skill set, together with an understanding of the mobile landscape, is essential to provide businesses not only with development services but also effective guidance in this time of accelerating change. The challenges at this stage in mobile technology are mirrored by an ever-increasing range of opportunities for businesses to implement new and improved processes.

In general, there are two main approaches to delivering business solutions over mobiles:

(1) Web

The mobile Web has undergone enormous advances over the past few years. According to recent research, around a third of adults in the UK are now using a smartphone – it seems fairly safe to assume that this will only continue to increase. Many more mobile users have some kind of internet access. Although the functionality of mobile Web browsers is now at a good level, there are still considerable restrictions in terms of network connectivity and speed – this is expected to improve over the next couple of years as 4G kicks in, but for the moment remains a serious constraint.

Many organisations create mobile versions of their sites and Web services, with minimised content designed to cope with mobile hardware and data connectivity limitations. One potentially valuable prospect in the mobile Web will be the advance of HTML5. This technology is still very much under development, but with major sites such as the Financial Times opting to use it rather than targeting specific mobile platforms it does look very promising. HTML5 offers a range of benefits including facilities for offline support, multi-media, interactivity and location awareness.

(2) Mobile Apps

Native mobile applications are software solutions deployed directly onto devices such as phones. Many mobile applications link to internet services, with the application, or “app”, handling user interaction natively. Mobile apps have the advantage that they provide a deep level of interactivity that is suited to device hardware – for example, using gestures or sensors like GPS. The difficulty with using mobile applications to deliver business services is the range of platforms in operation. As of early 2011, Google, Apple and RIM together occupy around 90% of the smartphone market. However, the mobile landscape is still in a state of change and there are other players including Windows and Palm – it would be unwise to make any predictions about how market share will look even in a matter of months as things stand.

Microsoft have replaced the Windows Mobile system with Windows Phone 7, with an increased focus on consumer use. Although Microsoft currently has a reduced position in terms of smartphone market share, the upcoming Mango release is looking very promising, and is being received quite well in early testing.

In terms of technologies for mobile apps, the list is long, and depends on which platform (or platforms) you choose to target. Among the most commonly used programming languages for mobile applications are Java, Objective C and C++. Each of the major platforms has a specific Software Development kit, with its own tools to help with the design, testing, debugging and deployment.

The complexity of mobile application development is such that targeting even a single platform involves extensive testing. Some businesses maximise on development resources by balancing native user interaction with cross-platform resources at the back-end, in which case a mobile app can effectively function as an interface for a Web application.


Aside from targeting specific mobile platforms through software and Web development, there are additional ways to exploit mobile contexts for some business processes – SMS is one such case. In this model, services are delivered as SMS text messages. This has the benefit of generally working across all phones, and payment can be handled via users bills – but it’s a very limited form of interaction. SMS also has a problem that message delivery is not guaranteed. Integrating SMS message handling into Web applications is quite simple – and support for processing SMS messages from users is widely available.

About Android

Google’s Android operating system is going from strength to strength at the moment. Having initially been seen as a platform of interest mainly to geeks, Android now occupies around a third of smartphone market share. Android’s growth is partly down to the openness of the platform, which is available on phones across the market range and from various hardware manufacturers, making it accessible to a more diverse range of users than iPhone.

Apps available through the Android Market are also subject to very little control, which produces a great deal of variety and flexibility but naturally results in a higher proportion of poor quality applications in circulation.

Google’s approach is the opposite of Apple – which retains significant control over its mobile phone operating system. Google’s initial idea was to make a new phone operating system which would be open and free. Their hope was that this would encourage innovative development of both phones and applications. Google has invested in Android because it expected that Web searches would increasingly happen on mobiles, and it wanted to be able to advertise to mobile users.

Although Google’s position within the mobile world seems very strong right now, it is still difficult to say how things are going to progress. In terms of users and applications, Android has, in the past, been seen by many as more focused on consumer services than enterprise use when compared with Apple and RIM, but there is some evidence that this is changing. The Android system is offering a good level of integration with business services such as Microsoft Exchange, and the open nature of the platform makes integrating with existing enterprise applications potentially less troublesome than for certain competitors.

About iPhone

The iPhone was of course in a dominant position as the advance of the smartphone took shape, and the platform is still in a very powerful place. Although business users naturally tended toward Blackberry in the past, both iPhone and Android have continued to make considerable headway for enterprise as well as consumer use, while Blackberry has started catering more to the consumer user as well. The result is that all three of the major smartphone platforms are now occupying some of the same space.

The iPhone offers support for external business utilities such as Microsoft Exchange and, unlike Android, iPhone apps are subject to serious vetting before users can deploy them. The natural downside to this increased level of control over the platform as a whole is a lack of flexibility, but for business applications the plus side is a very high guarantee of quality and reliability for the end user – and ultimately for any business processes being implemented through the technology.

With the hugely popular visual designs and interaction models the brand is famous for, the iPhone is certainly an attractive platform for commercial applications. Apple have been responsible for developing innovative features whose success has prompted other platforms to emulate them, such as multi-touch interaction.

There are some serious considerations with iPhone development:

  • Apple does not permit users to directly install applications onto the iPhone – all applications must be bought from the Apple Store, and Apple takes a 30% cut. There may be some way around this in the future, but at present we are not aware of it.
  • For certain applications the fragility, financial value and battery life of the iPhone may pose problems.

Of course, these obstacles apply mostly to commercial / industrial applications. They are not particularly a problem in terms of creating end-user applications. Blueberry has the Objective C skills necessary to develop iPhone programs, and we would be very interested in discussing this with customers.

Although iPhone has lost considerable smartphone ground to both Blackberry and Android, it is generally still seen as the platform to beat, and continues to be a market leader in many ways.

About RIM Blackberry

RIM’s Blackberry platform was long regarded as the mobile system of choice for business and professional users, a perception that still persists to a certain degree. Over the past few years Blackberry has also made significant advances in the consumer market, introducing handsets that have proven especially popular among young smartphone users.

Like Android, Blackberry hardware is very varied, so users can access mobile sites and applications via differing screen sizes and controls – increasing the complexity in any development project. The Blackberry platform delivers a wealth of enterprise services as standard, with Blackberry Enterprise Server seen as a major asset for corporate users. Email on Blackberry is particularly strong, so users who are dependent on a high level of security and reliability in messaging (and communications in general) naturally tend towards this platform.

While iPhones are focused on touchscreen interaction, as are Android devices to a slightly lesser degree, Blackberry handsets are most likely to provide hardware keyboards for text input. This can be a key aspect in the potential of the platform for certain application categories.

A possible issue for mobile Web applications targeted at Blackberry is that the Web browsers on the system have, in the past, been significantly less advanced than those on both iPhone and Android. However, more recent models have addressed this issue by including the latest WebKit browser

Native apps can be deployed through the Blackberry App World marketplace, which has, to date, not occupied as central a role for users as the app stores on iPhone and Android, although the brand is clearly focusing extensive efforts on developing this aspect of usage.

About Windows Mobile

Windows Mobile and Windows Phone 7 represent Microsoft’s foray into the mobile world, which has enjoyed varying degrees of success in the consumer and industrial markets.

From the consumer point of view, at the moment some of the high end smartphone brands such as HTC and LG are producing handsets with the Windows Phone operating system deployed on them, with networks including O2 and Orange providing mobile services. Nokia and Windows have reached a major deal in which the manufacturer is dropping its Symbian platform entirely to focus on Windows as its operating system of choice.

In 2011, Microsoft is due to release a major new version of the mobile Windows platform named Mango. This much anticipated release could alter the position of Microsoft drastically within the mobile world, partly on account of the Nokia partnership and partly since the system is set to include a number of new features such as increased support for HTML5.

At the same time, Windows Mobile has also been adopted strongly by manufacturers of industrial PDAs and mobiles – portable computing device products designed for commercial rather than consumer use. This has seen Microsoft exploring various industrial contexts for mobile processing, with Windows Mobile 6.5 particularly successful in such environments, and hardware produced by various manufacturers including Motorola. Windows Mobile is therefore a natural choice for many mobile workplace needs, including warehouse and delivery services.

From a development perspective, Windows Mobile has very strong advantages. Microsoft has provided a rich platform of development tools – including the C# language, which is much easier to use than C used on other mobiles. Microsoft also includes tools for communication between software on the phone and central servers, and they even include a small database engine.

The strong development tools and wide availability of different devices make Windows Mobile a particularly valuable platform for delivering business applications. At Blueberry we have a uniquely high level of expertise on Windows Mobile systems, so are well positioned to deliver solutions on this platform.

Mobile Solutions

Blueberry Consultants ( ) has the development skills to build and deploy applications targeted at any of the mobile platforms and hardware manufacturers in use today, having developed a diverse range of mobile projects, including many on Windows. The team is also well placed to provide tailored approaches involving multiple technologies and programming languages where necessary.

With our skills in Web and client-server development, we can design a complete system that integrates field staff and office workers. Whatever your business process or context, Blueberry has the expertise to provide bespoke, comprehensive solutions to mobile integration, enhancing not only communication but also efficiency and productivity.

Source by Raspal Chima

Native App Vs Web App: Perhaps A Hybrid?

Hybrid mobile applications are functionally somewhere between native apps and web apps. As these two types of mobile software serve completely different purposes, standing poles apart, hybrid apps fill the space between them, and incorporate features of both sides. What makes them close to native apps, is their ability to utilize native features of a mobile platform. Hybrid apps are distributed through application stores, and may utilize such native feature as, for example, geolocation. On the other hand, it shares many useful features with web apps. It might be so that if you want to build an application, a hybrid one would be the best solution for you.

Features of hybrid apps, shared with web apps:

– Created upon web technologies (JavaScript, HTML5, CSS3). That’s the main distinction from native apps, which presuppose all the further features. The most popular tools for creating hybrid mobile software are PhoneGap and Appcelerator Titanium.

– Easier and faster to build than native apps. This results in lower development cost.

– Cross-platform capabilities. A great advantage, provided by web technologies – you may create the app once for various mobile platforms. But keep in mind, that an app may not run the same on various devices, that is why quality cross-platform software requires comprehensive testing on a list of devices chosen by you. That’s how the possible problems are eliminated before deployment.

– Lower performance than in native apps. That is why more sophisticated apps will be affected by slightly lower speed and graphics. Consider the balance of features and speed carefully – users are quite likely to switch to another app, if they face delays. That’s why hybrid applications are not good for creating complex apps like games.

Features of hybrid apps, shared with native apps:

– Distribution through application stores (such as Apple App Store, Google Play, BlackBerry World and Windows Phone Store).

– Use of native device capabilities. That is an inaccessible option for mobile web apps. In case your software is going to depend on geolocation, camera, accelerometer etc. – a hybrid application will provide you with that.

– Offline capabilities. That’s a feature of the foremost importance for many apps. And that matters much to users – having what they need and what they like anytime, anywhere.

You may consult with your software developers to find out whether a hybrid app is really ‘the golden mean’ that will perfectly fit your project. That must be discussed and firmly decided before the development. The decision depends on the user experience you need to provide, the features of the project, and the market/user audience you chose to encompass and engage into using the app. Business apps that require native access or apps with moderate graphics – these are examples of a good choice for hybrid development.

Source by Oleg Lola

Website Templates – To Improve Your Business Performance

Gone are the days when only brick and mortar stores served the purpose of your business! In this digital era, it is vital for any organization to own a dynamic website that propagates the philosophy of the organization, along with selling the company's product or service. Initially, building a website was a time-consuming and costly affair. Fortunately, with the initiation of Website Templates, it has now become easy for business enterprises, without hiring a developer or possessing the knowledge of coding.

Especially, if you are a start-up or a small business entity, creating a good website is imperative to establish yourself in the market. As per one of the researchers, nearly 70-80% of people research a company online before visiting the small business or making a purchase decision. With many companies offering cost-effective One Page website templates, any layman who wishes to have a website for their specific requirements can have it in a hassle-free way.

Not just for business entities, to save time and be more productive, many developers and designers have started templates. In the competitive market, where everyone is vying against each other to win the client's trust, using Website Templates can speed up the process and a developer can accomplish the work of many clients within the deadline given. Or else, when the custom websites are to be made, it is a long long and tedious process, involving heavy expense too from the side of the businessman.

From the companies designing such templates, it is a lucid process to a download website templates, install them and put the content as per your preference. You can add text, images, video, animated effects, widgets of your choice, that dissolates accurate information persuading the visitor to know more about your product or service.

There are companies who provide HTML5 Website templates that are responsive and can be operated on multiple devices. Whether it is a mobile or tablet, the website will not lose its charm and will be equally engaging for the user. Using color and fonts of your choice is also possible while using these templates.

This HTML 5 Website templates are designed as per different themes catering to different markets. An arduous research is carried out due to a particular market and after a brainstorming session between the designer and the developer, a theme is determined upon that that will not just make the website look captivating, but also serve as the most effective medium for businesses to represent themselves in the digital world.

There are numerous advantages of using the Website Templates to build your online identity. First of all, you will not have to begin your website building from scratch, thereby you can focus your time and energy on other resources to take your business to the next level. Other than being compatible, these templates are highly functional and boast of style designed as per the current trends. On your behalf, they have studied your market's choice and preference, and have designed it accordingly to let your company speak for itself in a creative manner.

Source by Hiren Panchal

Top 6 Hybrid Mobile App UI Frameworks

Mobile app is the best of both worlds – native and web apps. Hybrid apps are gaining popularity amongst the developers because they have to code apps for once and then run them on any platform with no extra coding.

  • Ionic

Ionic is the pioneer of mobile app frameworks. If your app performance is a major concern for you, go for Ionic framework. Ionic is based on HTML 5 and it mainly focusses on performance. It needs no third party integration with JS library. To make a big interactive app, it can be clubbed with Angularjs. Both frameworks together work really well. Ionic has few reusable HTML classes and a set of inbuilt icons set called Ionicons.

  • Sencha Touch

Sencha Touch is mature framework based on HTML5/CSS3. An enterprise targeted framework, Sencha Touch has its core at ExtJS. It scores high because of the fact that you can create great performance applications with near native experience.

  • Mobile Angular UI

Angular is pretty much the perfect solution for handling data binding. Data binding in Angular apps involves the automatic synchronization of data between the model (or customer input source) and the “view”. When the model changes, the view rejects the change, and vice versa. By cutting short multiple steps, Angular can be a very appealing option.

  • React Native

ReactJS is an exceptional framework for managing the DOM (Document Object Model), especially when when if comes to handling huge amount of data. React works by creating a virtual DOM in JavaScript that acts as an intermediate representation of the DOM. Because of this representation it becomes easier to decide which elements to change in the DOM and what the results may be.

  • PhoneGap

PhoneGap is based on Cordova and is used for comping and packaging to release the app. It comes with set of APIs that can connect to phones basic inbuilt functions like camera, location, contacts etc. PhoneGap community also has an amazing support team.


It is quite similar to Phonegap but more lightweight. It uses lightweight javascript to eliminate performance issues on HTML5. This new kid on the block focuses more on graphics. It is used for more sophisticated, graphic rich applications that focus on rendering 2D, 3D graphics, game related animations and stuff like that. This framework is mainly used for hybrid mobile development and not for web based applications. It can be used with Angularjs too.

Hope this article was helpful in learning about the most famous mobile app frameworks. Are you looking for a company to create hybrid mobile app for you? Feel free to contact us. We have an in-house mobile application development services team that is experienced and dynamic to handle all types of applications.

Source by Cris Styris

Adobe’s Love-Hate Relationship With Google

In the past year or so, Adobe, who has been dominating RIA (rich internet applications) since the mid 1990’s, has suddenly found itself in a war with two fronts. While pleading with Apple to allow Flash to run on the iPhone since its introduction in June of 2007, Google comes to the rescue with the Nexus One, which will be the first smart phone to support Flash. Ironically though, Google’s HTML5 might be the end of Flash as we know it. Will Apple ever allow Flash to run on the iPhone, and now the iPad? Will Google be the new king of RIA (both desktop and mobile) in the near future? What’s going to happen to Adobe Flash?

Will Apple ever allow Flash to run on the iPhone, and now the iPad?

Don’t let Steve Jobs fool you. According to, Steve Jobs stated that “Apple does not support Flash because it is so buggy.” Although it is true that Flash can be a little buggy sometimes, the reality is that Apple would never want to support Flash unless it was forced to. Why you ask? If the iPhone supported Flash, 3rd party companies could create their own “iTunes” stores that sold Flash applications which would create a huge dent in Apple’s app store revenue stream. As long as they don’t support Flash, Apple has a monopoly over every application sold for the iPhone. And naturally, Apple won’t admit to this because it would basically be like saying “yes, we are a large corporation that ultimately values profit over user experience”.

Google to the rescue?

Obviously, Adobe would like Flash to run in mobile devices because it creates more opportunities for developers to create Flash applications, and therefore add to Adobe’s revenue stream. Although Apple is refusing to support Flash, Google is saving the day by supporting Flash 10.1 on the Nexus One phone, Google’s new smart phone. This is huge, because if the Nexus One takes a large portion of the smart phone market (which it will), and it supports Flash 10.1, Apple will be forced to support Flash in order to compete with the Nexus One. When this happens, I’m sure that Steve Jobs will conveniently comment “Now that Flash 10.1 is very much improved, we now feel that it is appropriate to support Flash with all of our Apple products.”

Adobe’s ally will soon become its ultimate enemy

Once the Nexus One has firmly taken a significant portion of the smart phone market and Apple begins to support Flash, this is about the same time that Google’s HTML5 will begin to rise. This is really bad news for Adobe, because HTML5 is basically HTML with Flash capabilities built right into the new HTML tags, including a new video tag. Although a lot of people will tell you that HTML5 will completely eliminate the need for Flash, I think that the two technologies will coexist competitively much like Java and C# coexist today.

Good luck Adobe, you have a long road ahead of you!

Source by Eric D Rowell

A Practical Guide to Help Choose a Mobile App Development Agency

In the last couple of decades, we have seen how mobile devices have gone viral. With the technology to support high speed internet access, mobiles have made a global population that is constantly at a tap’s reach to any information. Businesses too have seen the benefits of having a mobile workforce which can co-ordinate very easily between the office and the field work. However, each business is different and hence has its own particular needs of computing applications. For example, a business dealing with warehousing would require a totally different type of app in contrast to a business that services and repairs household electronics. To make the best use of everyone’s time, a professional business has to see this fact and consider getting customized mobile apps developed. Android applications development has ascended very rapidly since its introduction due to the popularity and as such, you should not find it a task to find a good agency of developers who can build apps that suit your exact needs. The following article, discusses some of the things that should be of use to anyone looking to hire such an agency.

Check Their Experience in App Development

The mobile apps field is a rather new one which didn’t quite exist at all a couple of decades ago. This however, doesn’t mean that we are only left to deal with newbie developers. Look for agencies headed by people who have extensive experience in working with apps and their development. A HTML5 developer, for example, who has been in the coding and development industry for a while would have gathered all the skills and knowledge required to address any kind of requirement.

Ask to See Previous Work

This is quite an effective way to decide whether the said agency is the one that gets our project or not. A HTML5 developer without any applications to show might not be the best choice as we are talking about apps for our business. When checking out such sample work, make sure to note your own experience of using it. Although the content is of the utmost importance, the form or design of the app is also important. Agencies that have been building apps for the mobile platform and know what they’re doing will never hesitate to show you their work as they understand that it makes it easier for both the parties.

Find Out About your Point of Contact

Proper communication during the development process is crucial to the success of any app. You need to stay in touch with the development team regarding your requirements of functionality as well as the design. If, for example, you would like to get an app built for android, it is always good if your point of contact is the project manager for the android applications development team. Make sure that you speak to the same person from the time of consideration and on throughout the whole process as this will make it easier to co-ordinate.

Source by Ibraho D. Paul

Learn Web Development Easily – What Resources Do You Need?

It is a good idea to learn web development because you can turn this into a pretty good career. You can choose to work for an IT company or even strike out on your own as a freelance web developer. However, this is a very large field and you need to be very specific about what you learn or else you might easily get sidetracked with skills that are not particularly useful.

The most important language to learn is HTML5 because this is where the future of web development lies and you’ll need it just to be able to start doing this work. CSS and PHP are also important and you will benefit from learning these once you are comfortable with HTML5. Once you have learnt the basics then you can also pick up Rails, Ruby, SQL, JavaScript and even Apache. There are many tools that you can pick up as you go along and they will enable you to be very effective as a web developer.

You’ll need to put in a fair amount of time and effort in order to learn HTML5 so that you can get started at web development. You need to learn the different specifications of this language to start with and then proceed to more features such as input controls, semantic tags and selector API. You’ll also need to learn various guiding principles for good design. Of course, the time you take to pick up all your skills depends on how hard you work and what resources you have.

There are many different ways in which you can learn web development. They include

  • Tutorials and manuals (including books, video and audio guides)
  • Training classes
  • Video and audio guides
  • Podcasts and screencast
  • Online user groups

Make sure that you use the best possible resources in order to learn web development quickly and with the least amount of trouble. It is not sufficient to pick up just book knowledge even though you’ll need to get a lot of this. You also need to put your learning into practice so that you can get really good at web development. You will be able to learn very quickly if you have a partner because you can then do a lot of practice in order to hone your skills. Once you have the necessary skills and experience then you will be able to earn a very good income this way.

Source by Johny Robinson

Things to Consider Before Going for Web Development

The process of web development is such a big task, that it cannot be completed within a day. It can always be termed as a never-ending effort, which moves ahead with time and energy. A lot of focus and labor is what it usually demands. Once you start with the development process of your website, there are a few things which you should figure out and plan, before even getting started with the initial stage.

Each and every single point mentioned below has equal importance and thus you must be able to remember all of them while planning to start with the process of web development. Most of the people are mis-conceptualized with this process and they bother to look into it, only after completing with website development. But, if you keep these below-mentioned points in your mind before starting the process, for sure you’ll have a website helping you in setting up success on your way. Web development is generally very important and time-consuming work for every business, and for a business website to succeed, you must follow these points.

I. Domain Name: One of the basic things before starting with web development is choosing a name that people can remember well and easily. Along with it choose wisely and appropriately, whether you will be, or something else.

II. Hosting Provider: The speed and working of your website would be dependent on the hosting service you choose. So it’s always recommendable to choose a reliable hosting service provider and look at how much capacity you need and thus accordingly choose one which suits your needs.

III. Latest Technology: Always keep in mind to use the latest technology for web development like HTML5, CSS3, PHP, JQuery, JavaScript, etc. Nowadays, all web development companies use the best and latest technology.

IV. Colour & Layout: An eye-catchy color can always be termed as the best option for your website. As it’s said that colors affect the feel of your website, it is best to choose the best color for your website. A neat & clean layout is always preferred by visitors. And not to forget about the header and footer. It must be attractive, but at the same time even simple and not too shiny.

V. Have clear Purpose: Now when you have started the process of web development, you must have a clear and precise idea regarding it. Knowing your purpose even includes knowing about your aim and like. Along with it, one should even ask this question to himself like what’s the need of a website for your business, corporate, e-commerce or something else? This would gradually help you to build a good and relevant website for your business.

VI. Site Map: Prepare a clear Site Map in the beginning of development, so that once you start the process of developing the website you are not left with a big question mark and as a result, even your time won’t be wasted.

VII. Use of Content: Make sure that your website provides a good and informative content to the users who visit your website. While choosing the content, even try to target certain keywords to rank high in search engines so as to finish with your SEO work. The type of content like language, video, picture etc you choose will have a direct effect on your site speed i.e., how slow or fast the website will load.

VIII. Use of Advertisement: Don’t push and try to avoid the use of too much advertisement on your website. Only put an advertisement wherever it’s necessary.

IX. Pop-Up: Prevent the use of Pop-Up Messages. This could be one of the biggest reason for slow loading and can even turn to be the most annoying type of advertising as at times users can’t even close them.

X. Design: When we talk about design, all it needs is attractiveness. A good website must be always simple and professional enough.

XI. Buttons: Make “call to” action buttons a bit eye-catching so as to get more and more clicks, like buy now or download now. Using bright colors like yellow or orange could always be a better alternative.

Always try not to forget with the above-mentioned points, and keep them in mind before beginning the process of developing a website, and thus it would lead to having a simple yet best website. One of the key solutions for it is to choose one of the best web development company for your website. By choosing the best web development company you will experience good results within no time from your website.

Source by Misal Bhimani

8 Mistakes To Avoid When Developing A Great Mobile Website

The number of users accessing websites and web applications on their mobile devices has been increasing steadily. Likewise, popular search engines like Google also use mobile friendliness as a key metric to rank websites. Hence, enterprises nowadays focus on enhancing the mobile user experience of their websites. They even require developers to build mobile websites that keep visitors engaged and convert them into customers. The developers can make a website mobile-friendly in a number of ways. They can further accelerate mobile website development by implementing several techniques and best practices. However, it is also important for developers to avoid a number of mistakes to make the website deliver optimal mobile user experience.

8 Mobile Website Development Mistakes Each Developer Must Avoid

1) Not Adopting Responsive Web Design

A developer has option to choose from several mobile website development approaches. But the developer must opt for responsive web design to make the website look good on both computers and mobile devices with a single code base. Responsive web design allows developers to build websites using open technologies like HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. Also, the single code base makes it easier for programmers to add new functionalities to the website and deliver updated content to users.

2) Not Focusing on Loading Speed

Most users nowadays abandon websites that do not load in 3 seconds. Likewise, Google also uses loading speed a metric while ranking websites. Most users nowadays access websites over mobile internet connections like 2G, 3G and 4G. The mobile internet connections are slower than wired networks and Wi-Fi. No developer can keep the visitors engaged without increasing the website’s performance and speed.

3) Not Optimizing Components for Touch Screen

Responsive web design enables developers to make a website look good on different devices with a single code base. But the developers must enable mobile users to navigate the website seamlessly with a single hand. Also, the users must read and access the website content on smaller screens. That is why; it becomes essential for developers to optimize key elements of a website like buttons, menu navigation, and tap elements for touch screen.

4) Not Optimizing Forms for Mobile Device

The mobile websites also accept user information and feedback through forms. But the developers must optimize the forms for mobile devices to make it easier for users to submit input. Unlike web forms, mobile forms need to be concise. The mobile forms must require users to submit only relevant information. Hence, the developers must remove additional and irrelevant fields from the mobile version of a form. The mobile websites can further accelerate user data submission process by generating information using the built-in hardware features of the mobile devices.

5) Not Including Mobile Icons

Many users nowadays spend more digital media time on mobile apps than mobile web. The modern users even love mobile websites that look, function, and perform just like native mobile apps. While developing a mobile website, the developers must explore ways to make it access the native hardware and software features of individual devices. Also, they can make the website look and function like mobile apps by including commonly used mobile icons and symbols. They must use mobile icons to convey information and instructions, and perform common actions.

6) Still Using Flash Instead of HTML5 Videos

While developing websites, many developers still deliver videos through Adobe Flash. The developers must remember that certain mobile operating systems do not support Flash. Also, most users hate accessing videos with third-party plug-ins and extensions. The developers must use HTML5 videos instead of Flash to deliver videos quickly and seamlessly to various devices. HTML5 further helps developers to embed videos into a web page without affecting its loading speed.

7) Using Too Many Popup Windows

The desktop versions of websites use popup windows to run advertisements, convey special offers, and receive user feedback. While developing a mobile website, many developers still generate popup windows to accomplish various tasks. The developers must remember that the popup windows affect the mobile user experience of the website directly and adversely. They must avoid generating additional popup windows to boost the website’s user experience and engagement.

8) Not Reducing Web Page Weight

While optimizing a website for mobile devices, web application developers often ignore the weight of individual web pages. The weighty web pages direct affects the website’s loading speed and user experience. The developers can reduce the weight of various web pages in a number of ways – optimizing images, minifying JavaScript and CSS files, and compressing frontend resources. But they must assess and reduce the weight of individual web pages to make the website load faster and keep visitors engaged.

In addition to avoiding common mobile website development mistakes, it is also important for the developers to keep in mind the latest guidelines issued by popular search engines like Google. The search engine guidelines help developers to make the mobile websites discoverable and deliver richer user experience.

Source by Arun Kumar Biswal

How Good Is JavaScript for Building a Large Scale Web Application?

According to the most recent statistics posted on, more than 89% of websites currently use JavaScript as a client-side programming language. As a cross-platform and lightweight programming language, JavaScript makes it easier for programmers to build responsive websites and web applications that work with seamlessly with popular web browsers, operating systems and devices. It is also widely used by programmers as part of the web browsers to accomplish important tasks like browser control, user interaction, and asynchronous communication.

Also, the programmers have option to use JavaScript as a server-side scripting language through Node.js and similar runtime environment. At the same time, they also can use a variety of open source frameworks to reduce the amount of time and effort required for building JavaScript applications. It can also be used along with HTML5 and CSS for creating web applications and games. So you can always consider using JavaScript as a dynamic client-side programming language for building large scale web applications.

Advantages of Using JavaScript for Large Scale Web Application Development

Supported by Major Web Browsers

JavaScript is supported by most of the widely used web browsers including Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari and Opera. It is also supported by the new web browsers whose vendors have implemented JavaScript. So the users can access the web applications using JavaScript regardless of their choice of web browser. They also have option to access all functionality of the website by enabling the scripting language if it is disable due to some reason.

No Need to Use Any Specific Tools

JavaScript is an interpreted programming language. So you can easily write the code without using any specific tool or program. You can simply open a notepad, and start writing JavaScript code. Also, you have option to use a number of editors to identify the mistakes in the code. The editors colorize or reformat the script to make it easier for users to identify the errors.

Option to Reuse the Code

You can further reuse the JavaScript code across multiple pages simply by placing the code in separate files. After placing the code in a separate file, you have to save the file with.js extension. The file can be linked to multiple web pages by using the <script> tag to the HTML code of the page. The option enables you to avoid writing additional code while adding the same functionality to various parts of the website.

Many Libraries and Frameworks

You have option to reduce the time and effort required for building large JavaScript applications by using several frameworks and libraries. Many programmers prefer using dynamic JavaScript frameworks like AngularJS, Backbone, Ember and React. However, you still have option to choose from a long list of JavaScript libraries according to your specific needs. For instance, you can effectuate GUI development using widgets like DHTMLX, Bootstrap, jQuery UI, DojoWidgets or AngularJS. Likewise, you use popular template systems like jQuery Mobile, Handlebars, Mustache and Cascade Framework.

Comparatively Faster

As noted earlier, JavaScript is a client-side scripting language. So the code is executed on user’s system. As the code is executed without any server interaction, the processing is done at a comparatively faster. The faster processing enables the web application to keep the users engaged by delivering richer browsing experience.

Deliver Updated Response Data from the Server

JavaScript further uses the XmlHttpRequest API for data retrieval. The API sends HTTP or HTTPS requests to the web server, and load the response sent by the server in the script. The script can easily update the current web page based on the response data received from the server without reloading a new web page. So you can boost the web application’s performance by providing updated information to the users without reloading the web page completely.

Extend the Website’s Functionality

JavaScript makes it easier for you to extend the functionality of the web application without putting any extra effort. You can use the scripting language to create visual effects on the screen, calculate data, and make web pages more interactive. JavaScript further allows you to extend the website’s functionality by using third-party scripts. The flexibility makes it easier for you to add out-of-box features to the web application without using any additional plug-ins or tools.

Reduces Load on Server

The server-side scripting languages require the web server to process the user request before response is sent to the user. So the process required additional time despite the user having a high-speed internet connection. But the JavaScript code is processed on the user’s machine, without interacting with the web browser. Thus, the strain and load on the web server is reduced drastically, while the user gets quick response. You can use JavaScript while building large scale websites to provide faster response to users without putting excess strain on the server.

Optimizes Local Caching

JavaScript can be used along with HTML5 to enable users to access websites even when there is not active internet connection. The technologies are effective in caching data locally, and keep the web application responsive till the internet connection is restored. You can even use tools like Kendo UI DataSource to track changes made to an object locally, and upload the changes to the web server once the network connection is restored. The option enables you to make the web applications work just like mobile apps.

Works with Other Web Technologies

As mentioned earlier, JavaScript developers can be used as both client side and server side scripting language. At the same time, you also have option to use JavaScript as a client side technology along with some of the widely used web technologies like PHP, Perl and Java. The scripting language is also used widely along with HTML5 and CSS for developing responsive websites accessible on a variety of devices using the same code base.

However, you must keep in mind some of the major shortcomings of JavaScript while using it for building large websites and web applications. As JavaScript code is executed on the web browser, it becomes vulnerable to various security attacks. Also, the code becomes unpredictable as individual browsers interpret it differently.

Major bots of major search engines including Google cannot understand the client-side code written in JavaScript completely and fully. So the search engine ranking and visibility of the web applications using too much JavaScript will be impacted. But you can still use JavaScript along with other popular web technologies like HTML5 and CSS to create robust web applications accessible on multiple devices, operating systems and web browsers.

Source by Aaliyah Choudhry